Film – x-ray film

„A film that can only see blue and green spectra of light doesn’t get along very well with light reflecting off of red objects.
Red leaves go dark grey, red bricks go darker, and red shirts and skin blemishes become quite prominent and dark.

Top things to avoid with x-ray film: red backgrounds, red shades of lipstick, and hot lights!“

„X-ray film, when processed in standard developers, builds contrast very quickly. 
A quick glance at any x-ray shooters‘ developing times will show you that even very dilute solutions have a time of < 10 min. 

Taming contrast with green x-ray film can be accomplished with some yellow/pale yellow filtration during exposure. 
In otherwise „flat“ light, x-ray film at „N“ (normal processing) will provide you contrast equal to N+1 development with conventional films. 

„Personally, I’ve found shooting somewhere between ASA 100-200 gives me acceptable prints with silver, and ample density for carbon printing. And with the addition of a yellow filter (see image right), even more contrast can be controlled, and a little darkening of the sky can be obtaining with this naturally contrasty x-ray film“

Above quoted from    Mat Marrash

I had my „new“ 18×24 now functional and did (its dark and cloudy here) a testing with some x-ray sheets I got as a gift because they are to old for medical use.

Development in Rodinal, x-ray film is orthochromatic so under safe light red.
R09 1:25 worked much to fast, in the 2 minutes range, but this cheap old (stored at room temperature) film is not bad at all.

You see  small scratches and the dust, I did a careless quick test job cutting and loading and scanning – and the tray development which followed is alway dangerous for this film because the film is coated on both sides.


Because of the coating I was really careful loading the film, taking it out of the holder and especially moving it in the tray while developing, stop in water, fixing and washing. 
A small tip is to put the glas of some cheap frames at the bootom of the trays, so no more scratching at the bottom.
The coating is of course very vulnerable when wet, but I managed to get a few 8×10 sheets very well developed without any scatches.

Contact printing works very well.

Be aware that Tim Layton uses another x-ray film, rates it at 100 ISO, developes in Rodinal 1:100 for 6 min., his blog here :

his tips :

Fuji AD-M 18x24cm @ ISO 100,   Ilfosol 3 1+14, 20°, 8′, Rotation
Fuji AD-M 18x24cm @ ISO 64,     Kodak HC110 (1+47), 20°, 5’30“, Rotation
Fuji AD-M 18x24cm @ ISO 100,   Kodak HC110 (1+47), 20°, 7′, Rotation
Fuji AD-M 18x24cm @ ISO 100,   Pyrocat HD, 5ml+5ml+500ml, 20°, 7’30“,

Fui UM MA               @ ISO 25   Rodinal 1:50 , 10min

Fixierer Moersch ATS, Rotation

Gregg wrote this in our Lensless group on FB:

Gregg Obst I use the single-sided blue-based Carestream Ektascan B/RA in my 8×10 and have also cut it down to 4×5 on occasion….

I rate it at ISO 80 or 100 and generally dev it in Rodinal at a 1:100 or 1:150 dilution at room temp (20 C/70 F). I’ve tried various times using rotary processing but around 6 minutes at the 1:150 dilution seems to control the contrast well and still gives good shadow detail….

If you choose tray development do yourself a favor and get some cheap 8×10 glass sheets and line your trays with those to mitigate scratching if you want to experiment with the cheaper double sided X-Ray films like Fuji. A good source of cheap glass for this purpose can be found in dollar store picture frames.

You can develop under a 7w red bulb placed no closer than about 4 feet from the working surface….

Some examples:…

Andrew Bartram

Here is a copy of the email James Guerin shared with me the other day to help me along my x rayfilm journey

Hopefully others will find it equally helpful

Details on x ray – pasted from a previous email..

> The pros and cons of X-ray are:

> Pros:
> You can develop under safe light. This mean that if you under exposed you
> leave it longer and wait for the image to appear… and if you over-expose
> you pull it out of the developer early. Simple!
> Your iso is 100. Not too fast..not too slow.
> Load cassettes in any direction (note for single sided x-ray emulsions such
> as Kodak Eka-scan BR then you need to use the notches as per normal).
> Chemistry dilution is very weak so very economical. I use rodinal at 1:100,
> and 1 litre will develop about 8 sheets. (the time normal increases from 5
> minutes for the first 2 sheets up to about 6 mins for the last sheets. At 20 deg C
> This stuff is cheap! About $39 for 100 sheets of 8×10″ – or 400 sheets of
> 4×5″ (I use a paper crop to chop down 8×10 to 4×5 under the red light).

> Cons:
> This film scratches very easily during developing.
> The film is double sided, this decreases the sharpness slightly and makes
> for a dense negative if you’re not careful.
> This film is orthographic.. it is only sensitive to one colour (green or
> blue depending on the one you buy – green is nicer). Modern film is
> panchromatic, so will record the colour red as a grey mid-tone. Green
> sensitive x ray film will record red as black. Green is recorded brightly
> (trees/foliage) which works well.
> The film base has a blue tint.
> The main trick to avoid the scratches is to develop in a regular tray but
> lining the bottom of the tray with either a glass sheet (so the film slides
> over it) or a sheet of pvc (the chemistry will not annoy the pvc sheet – the
> trays are made from PVC). After a while the glass will become etched by the
> acidic developer but this doesn’t seem to cause any issues. you should use
> these glass liners on all three 4 trays – pre-wash, develop, water stop and
> fix.
> Times and concentrations are as follows for green sensitive x ray film. (20
> degrees C all solutions)

> Pre-wash – tap water; 5 mins, turn over the film at least once (2.5min per
> side). The pre-wash is essential, you will get horrible unevenly developed
> negs if you omit this step.

> Develop – Rodinal or R09 equivalent – 1:100; 6 mins, turn the film over
> every 1 min, this is the only agitation required (otherwise you will make a
> very dense negative).

If you’ve underexposed and are waiting ages for an
> image you can start agitating.. also consider upping the concentration of
> developer (bear in mind you might have other sheets to develop after so maybe
> keep this tray separate and start another standard solution

> Stop – Tap water (or stop bath – I never use stop bath). 30 secs with agitation, get as much developer off so you don’t contaminate your fixer.

> Fix – Any fixer at recommended film concentration. 1 min with agitation. (x ray fixes very quickly)
> Washing – as per your normal film process.

Generally there are massive differences in ISO, coating and responding to developers. You have to find a solution for every single brand…

Here is an example of the Fuji UM MA HD, 15 ISO (not enough light), R09 1:100 15 Min:

Fuji UM MA HD rated ISO 25 with flash, Rodinal 1:50 10 min

More light & shorter dev = less contrast…

x-ray film, ISO 25, flash, M-Comapnon, Rodinal 1:50 10 min

5 Antworten auf „Film – x-ray film“

  1. So i just bought a pack of Fuji UM MA, i shot it at 100 in winter daylight. For development i used FX39II at 1+9.
    Totally over exposed! very strong contrast. Maybe the dillution is wayyy to strong. so next time i go with rodinal 1+100 and see what happens.

    Using the same film in 6500 K LED light at an iso of 80, developing as above, seemed about right. maybe -1 stop would hav been better so rating it at 100

    1. Yes, x ray film is very sensible to the light temperature. It is optimized for the fluorescense light of the x ray cassettes. This is usually UV and in the upper spectrum. So in harsh winter light the x ray film is more sensible than in soft summerlight. It is very difficult at sunset…
      A big advantage is that you can develop while looking at it in red light.
      To have the needed time I usually use Rodinal 1:200 or 300.

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